Deep within our bodies you’ll find an array of tiny elements: bacteria, cells –a whole environment that helps our system function on a daily basis. In the external world, this environment is referred to as a biome — a naturally occurring community of microbacteria that exists inside a natural habitat, like a forest or a desert.
Similar to an ecosystem, but certainly not the same, biomes are found all over the world. And inside the human body, there’s a very special type of biome that can actually be found in our gut.
Gut microbiota, our microbiome, is essentially the microbe population living inside of our intestines, helping us to function. These microbiota can contain trillions and trillions of bacteria to keep our digestive tract clean and functional.
We actually accumulate our gut microbiota at birth. The composition of our microbiota is influenced even by the process of our birth, from the air within the room where we were delivered, to microorganisms we are given by our mother’s touch. Our microbiome keeps growing and evolving over the course of our young lives, constantly being modified and influenced by what we come into contact with within our environment.
Our microbiota is capable of a lot for being so tiny. It aids in the production of vitamins B and K, fights against microorganisms that are causing harm, and provides us with a clean digestive tract by digesting foods that are not able to be digested by the stomach and small intestine.
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